Turkmenistan

Turkmenistan, which first gained its independence in 1991 with the collapse of the Soviet Union, is a young country with a centuries-old history and culture.  Archaeological excavations in the south of the country have uncovered ancient (fifth century BC) sand-buried cities under the desert floor. Alexander The Great, Genghis Khan and Tīmūr-e Lang (Tamerlan) have all left their marks in Turkmenistan. The Silk Road which enabled centuries of trade and cultural exchanges between Europe and China, crossed the length of the country. It was only at the end of the 19th century that tsaristic Russia managed to integrate the nomadic lifestyle of the Turkmen people into the Russian empire.
Today, Turkmenistan lies at the heart of the planned transcontinental Transport Corridor Europe Caucasus Asia (TRACECA), which is to link Europe and Russia with the Indian subcontinent and Eastern Asia and China with the Persian Gulf.
The country is very rich in natural ressources , namely oil, gas and cotton. Turkmenistans gas reserves are among the fourth largest in the world.  Turkmenistan has escaped untroubled by the repeated conflicts and unrest in Central Asia. Turkmenistans neutrality status has even been recognized by the United Nations.




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Turkmenistan Kulturinstitut